Changes to the voluntary delisting rules announced by the SGX RegCo on 11 July 2019



Changes to the voluntary delisting rules announced by the SGX RegCo on 11 July 2019

A photo of Singapore SGX Centre

Date Published: 26 August 2019

Authors and Contributors: Bill JamiesonWong Pei-Ling and Marvin Chua.



The Singapore Exchange Regulation recently announced[1] changes to two key aspects of the voluntary delisting rules to enhance the protection of minority shareholders during voluntary delisting from SGX-ST. These changes, which are effective from 11 July 2019, are summarized below.


Exit Offer Requirements



Exit Offer Requirements on voluntary delisting from SGX-ST



Voting Thresholds for a Voluntary Delisting Resolution


Voting Thresholds for a Voluntary Delisting Resolution



SGX has clarified that the above amendments in respect of the Exit Offer Requirements and Voluntary Thresholds for a Voluntary Delisting Resolution would not apply to:

  • a delisting pursuant to a voluntary liquidation; and
  • a delisting pursuant to an offer under the Takeover Code provided that the offeror is exercising its right of compulsory acquisition.

In addition, Rule 1307 of the Listing Rules requiring the issuer to obtain the Voluntary Thresholds for a Voluntary Delisting Resolution would not apply to a delisting pursuant to a scheme of arrangement.


Voluntary Delisting (coupled with exit offer) vs Voluntary Offer

In our earlier CNPUpdate article on the privatisation of a company listed in Singapore, we discussed common avenues in which a company listed on the SGX-ST may be privatised. These avenues include a voluntary delisting proposal, coupled with a voluntary exit offer to acquire all the shares of the company (“Exit Offer”)  other than those already owned by the offeror (“Offeror”) and parties acting in concert with it (“Offeror Concert Party Group”)  and a stand-alone voluntary offer to acquire all the shares of the company other than those already held by the Offeror (“Voluntary Offer”).

Prior to the amendments to the voluntary delisting rules, if a resolution for voluntary delisting was to be voted against by shareholders holding at least 10% of the total number of issued shares of the company, it would not have been possible for an Offeror to privatise a company via the voluntary delisting avenue. Instead, an Offeror may stand a better chance of taking the company private by making a Voluntary Offer.

With the removal of the 10% block under the new voluntary delisting rules however, it may now be somewhat easier for an Offeror  to take a listed company private via a voluntary delisting exercise (as the Offeror will need instead to obtain the approval of shareholders (outside the Offeror Concert Party Group) holding 75% of the issued shares present and voting at an EGM of the company). However, the offer has to be fair and reasonable and the Offeror must have the cooperation of the board of the company to convene an EGM of its shareholders.



The changes should be welcomed by independent (and minority) shareholders, as public listed companies are now required to give shareholders a better exit value (which includes a cash component) and the resolution to delist an issuer must be passed by shareholders forming the majority of at least 75% in value present and voting (excluding the Offeror Concert Party Group). The exclusion of the Offeror Concert Party Group from the voting process is also in line with practices in other jurisdictions such as Hong Kong and Australia.

The Board of an offeree company must obtain competent independent advice on the merits of any offer and the substance of such advice must be made known to its shareholders. While previously, an offer only has to be reasonable (and may not necessarily be fair to the minority shareholders, and the independent directors may accept such an opinion), an offer will now have to be both fair and reasonable. By comparison, there is no requirement under the Takeover Code that the offer must be fair and reasonable (unless it involves a disposal of the offeree’s assets to a shareholder).

Following the above amendments to the voluntary delisting rules, SGX will be developing guidance and standards for IFAs and their opinions. We will provide an updated article on the guidelines once they have been issued, which may:

  • require the IFAs to separately set out their bases for determining fairness and reasonableness of the exit offer;
  • clarify that an exit offer is generally fair if the offer price is equal to, or greater than, the value of the shares which are subject to the offer; and

provide a suggested list of factors to be considered when determining if an exit offer is reasonable, which may include (i) the existing voting rights in the offeree company held by the offeror and parties acting in concert with it and (ii) the market liquidity of the relevant securities.


[1] “SGX RegCo requires exit offers to be fair and reasonable, shareholder vote to exclude offeror and concert parties” (11 July 2019) website:

This update is provided to you for general information and should not be relied upon as legal advice. 


CNPLaw’s Corporate Finance and Capital Markets Lawyers

Bill Jamieson is a Partner at CNPLaw LLP. Bill is an English lawyer who is also registered to practise Singapore law in the areas of corporate law, banking and finance and securities laws. He enjoys working in the diverse and dynamic Asian market and helping his clients to achieve their goals.

    Bill’s practice focuses on corporate financing transactions, investment funds, mergers and acquisitions, private equity, and employment law matters. His experience includes 10 years in the City of London and over 20 years in Asia. Before joining CNP, Bill was a partner in a well-known international law firm. He is recommended lawyer for Corporate and M&A, Banking and Finance, Investment Funds and Labour and Employment in Legal 500 Asia Pacific 2021. Bill is one of the firm’s contacts for Interlaw, a network of independent full-service corporate law firms ranked by Chambers and Partners in its highest category, “Elite”, amongst all global law firm networks.

    Wong Pei Ling Senior Legal Associate at CNPLaw LLP image


      Pei-Ling has over 23 years of legal experience and has advised clients with Malaysian and Singaporean interests on their cross-border transactions, joint ventures, investments, commercial and technology agreements. Pei-Ling is recognised as a recommended lawyer for Banking and Finance by the Legal 500 Asia Pacific for 2021.

      Marvin Chua Legal Associate at CNPLaw LLP image

        Senior Associate
        Marvin is a Senior Associate in the Corporate Advisory team. His main areas of practice include corporate advisory and general employment matters. Marvin is recognised as a Lexology Legal Influencer for employment within the Asia Pacific Region in quarter four of 2020. Read the employment articles written by Marvin by clicking on the link below.

        Having handled transactions for numerous local and foreign companies across Asia, extending across a wide range of businesses and industries, we have accumulated significant experience advising on an extensive range of corporate finance transactions.

        We advise both private and public (whether listed or non-listed) companies on corporate governance and compliance issues to help them acclimatise and thrive in a regulatory landscape that is becoming increasingly complex.

        Besides providing general advice on director duties and corporate secretarial matters, we help our clients better appreciate the licensing and compliance regimes applicable to the industries that they operate in and review our clients’ administrative and operational procedures for consistency with industry standards.